Portal Rasmi Institut Maklumat dan Analisis Pasaran Buruh (ILMIA)
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Frequently Asked Question

What is the function of ILMIA?

ILMIA serves as an information centre for labour data and analysis for the Malaysian labour market. At ILMIA, we are responsible for ensuring that data is accurate and up to date as well as facilitating data sharing with users. ILMIA is also the agency responsible for conducting research / studies on the labour market in Malaysia. The results of these studies will be published and used as a guide for policy-making relating to national labour.

What kind of data can be obtained from ILMIA?

Among the data that are available are data on key labour market indicators, supply and demand by economic sectors and NKEAs, average wage according to sectors, and skills by occupation.

Who uses ILMIA Portal?

ILMIA aims to inform users that are government, independent researchers, self-employed and employers, employees, students and public. The ILMIA portal can be used by all categories of user and strives to use language that is simple, non-technical and easily understood by all.

From where does ILMIA source the data that it analyses?

Data sources are obtained principally from several government agencies such as the Department of Statistics, Ministry of Education, Bank Negara Malaysia, the Economic Planning Unit, Ministry of Human Resources and others, including the private sector if made available.

What is the difference between the terms 'Labour Force' and 'Workforce'?

The term 'labour force' refers to all people in Malaysia aged between 15 and 64 years who are at work or unemployed. The 'Workforce' is another category which includes those who do any work for pay, profit or family gain (whether as employer, employee, self-employed or unpaid family worker).

What is the definition of 'Unemployment' and the 'Unemployment Rate'?

  • 'Unemployment' means the population aged between 15 and 64 years in the labour force category who are willing to, and actively looking for, work.
  • 'Unemployment rate' means the number of unemployed compared to the total labour force expressed as a percentage.

What is meant by 'Outside The Labour Force' and how does it differ from unemployment?

'Outside the labour force' refers to those who are not classified as employed or unemployed, such as housewives, students, retirees and those not interested in finding employment. Unemployed, on the other hand, means those who have yet to get a job but are willing to, and actively seeking, work.

Is the unemployment rate in Malaysia better than in other countries?

Overall, the unemployment rate in Malaysia is on average 3.4% (2016). This rate is lower than that in Australia (5.8%) and Brazil (5.6%). Malaysia's unemployment rate is basically stable and some would consider that full employment in the economy has been achieved. Although, in principle, a lower unemployment rate indicates the economy is steady, the unemployment rate will not reduce to zero as there will always be unemployment due to frictions or timing lags, as a result of, for example, employees moving to new jobs or changes in technology.

How can i get hold of books published by ILMIA?

Books and journals published by ILMIA are available online (softcopy) in the publications section. In addition, users can apply in writing or visit ILMIA's office to get printed copies.

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  • Papan Pemuka & Data Mart

    Papan Pemuka &
    Data Mart

    Kenalpasti pekerjaan atas permintaan, tawaran gaji serta tren tenaga kerja yang lain. Gudang data tersedia untuk analisis maklumat pasaran buruh pada bila-bila masa.

    Papan Pemuka & Data Mart

  • Berita & Acara

    Berita & Acara

    Dapatkan berita dan acara
    terkini di ILMIA
    dan pasaran tenaga kerja.

    Berita Acara

  • Penerbitan


    Luaskan pemahaman anda berkaitan isu tenaga kerja dan tempat kerja. Selusuri analisis mendalam isu-isu ini menerusi siri penerbitan ILMIA.


  • Penyelidikan


    Rebut peluang menyertai kajian dan soal selidik ILMIA.


  • Papan Pemuka & Data Mart
  • Berita & Acara
  • Penerbitan
  • Penyelidikan
20151230 112358

Senarai Pekerjaan Kritikal


20151230 112407

3 Sektor Teratas
Menarik Pekerja Wanita


20151230 112412

Perlis mempunyai Kadar Penyertaan Tenaga Buruh yang paling rendah manakala Putrajaya mempunyai yang tertinggi

Putrajaya 59.9%

Perlis 39.9%


20151230 112404

Bidang Sektor Pendidikan dan Perlombongan & Pengkuarian mempunyai Gaji & Gaji Median Tertinggi


Indikator Suku 1/2017 Suku 2/2017
Populasi Umur Pekerja (‘000) 21,963.9 22,049.7
Tenaga Buruh (‘000) 14,870.1 14,926.4
Kadar Penglibatan Tenaga Buruh (%) 67.7 67.7
Tenaga Buruh Luar (%) 32.3 32.3
Kadar Pekerjaan (%) 96.5 96.6
Kadar Pengangguran (%) 3.5 3.4
Sumber: Penyiasatan Tenaga Buruh, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia
Papan Pemuka
Core Indicators

Penggerak penting aktiviti ekonomi yang terdiri daripada 12 sektor terpilih yang akan mendorong Malaysia ke arah status berpendapatan tinggi dan daya saing global.

Education & Training

Bin ini terdiri daripada pengambilan pelajar, pendaftaran, dan pengeluaran graduan yang berkaitan dengan institusi akademik dan TVET. Ia masih dalam pembinaan dan akan dinaikkan tidak lama lagi.


Menyediakan maklumat tentang pekerjaan yang paling dalam permintaan dan kemahiran kritikal yang dicari oleh majikan dalam subsektor ekonomi dan koridor terpilih yang dihasilkan oleh kajian pembangunan modal insan oleh ILMIA.

Salaries & Wages

Bin ini memberikan maklumat tentang gaji dan gaji yang dikutip oleh sumber panduan gaji yang berbeza.

Interactive Charts

Bin ini memberikan maklumat tentang gaji dan upah yang dikutip oleh sumber panduan yang berlainan seperti Laporan Gaji & Upah.

LMI States & Sectors

Menyediakan maklumat pasaran buruh di 13 negeri dan wilayah persekutuan dan 21 sektor MUSIC di Malaysia.


Berita & Acara

Institut Maklumat & Analisis Pasaran Buruh (ILMIA), Kementerian Sumber Manusia
G07-G12, Ground Floor, Right Wing, Block 2320, Century Square Jalan Usahawan, Cyber 6,
63000 Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia